Named after King James I, whose royal place (Theobalds) stood about 1.2km from this pub. King James I had persuaded Robert Cecil, Lord Burleigh’s son, to give up Theobalds, where he was to die in 1625. The present Theobalds Park was built in 1763, about 1.6km from its original site. In 1860, the enlarged Theobalds was bought by the brewer Sir Henry Meux. In 1888, Meux resited the redundant Temple Bar in his park.